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This is an activity about measuring angular size and understanding the solar and lunar proportions that result in solar eclipses. Learners will use triangles and proportions to create a shoebox eclipse simulator. They will then apply what they learn... (View More)

This lithograph describes where ozone is found, how ozone is formed, and the affects of ozone on biological processes. The whys and hows of NASA's role in studying ozone are also covered, along with a description of how individuals can monitor... (View More)

Keywords: Tropospheric ozone
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This paper model airplane is designed to resemble the Swift bird, and conveys information about NASA's Swift gamma-ray burst Explorer mission.

This is a comic book about the science of Earth's upper atmosphere, specifically the ionosphere. Learners will better understand the ionosphere, the science behind atoms and ions found here, and how radio signals from satellites are distorted by... (View More)

Keywords: Graphic novel
Audience: Middle school, Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The Global Telescope Network (GTN) is an informal association of scientists, students, individuals and observatories interested in supporting the NASA Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (formerly GLAST), Swift, and XMM-Newton missions by obtaining and... (View More)

Audience: Informal education

This Hubble Space Telescope image reveals new details of the Cat's Eye Nebula, one of the most complex planetary nebulae ever seen. A planetary nebula is the glowing gas ejected by a star similar in mass to our Sun, during its final stages of... (View More)

This Hubble Space Telescope image shows a tightly packed crowd of stars resembling a swarm of bees. Called M80 (NGC 6093), the stellar swarm is one of the densest globular clusters in our Milky Way Galaxy. M80 contains hundreds of thousands of... (View More)

Audience: High school, Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This image from the Hubble Space Telescope shows light from hot stars eating away the surface of the dust and gas cloud in this region of the Eagle Nebula to reveal a pillar composed of denser material. The text includes information about the... (View More)

Audience: High school, Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This is a companion book to the Traditions of the Sun web site. Learners can use the book to learn about the Sun's dynamic nature, explore images from NASA's cutting-edge solar missions and understand more fully the human connection we all have to... (View More)

This online activity introduces the importance of meteorites to the understanding of the origin of the Solar System. Learners will use a key to determine if samples are meteorites. Finding meteorites can be difficult because most meteorites look... (View More)

Learners will use trays of sand and cups of water to recreate surface features seen in images of Mars. This is activity 5 of 9 in Mars and Earth: Science Learning Activities for After School. Note: The Mars image set that is needed to do this... (View More)

Keywords: Mars

This is an activity about image analysis. Learners will create a map of the room and discuss the perspectives shown in their drawings and how this relates to satelite images. Participants brainstorm a list of features that might be recognizable in... (View More)

Learners will compare satellite images of Mars and Earth to look for similar features. Then they brainstorm a list of forces or events that could have caused some of these features to form on Mars. This is activity 3 of 9 in Mars and Earth: Science... (View More)

This is an activity about modeling the effect of wind on a sandy surface. Learners will use trays of sand and straws to recreate surface features of images of Mars. Participants test their ideas about how some of the features on Mars might have been... (View More)

Keywords: Mars

This is an activity about modeling and the scientific process. Learners will discuss the models they created in the previous three activities as models of forces that shape the surface of planets, and talk about the similarities and differences... (View More)

Keywords: Mars

Learners will use a variety of resources to conduct research to try to find answers to the questions they generated in previous activities. They continue to work the way scientists do by communicating what they learned from their research about Mars... (View More)

Keywords: Mars

Learners will compare images of planets and select one planet to visit and tell the tale of their visit through a comic strip. This is activity 9 of 9 in Mars and Earth: Science Learning Activities for After School. Note: The Solar System Litho... (View More)

Keywords: Mars

Learners will use trays of sand and a variety of solid objects to model the effects of "impactors" on the surface. This is activity 6 of 9 in Mars and Earth: Science Learning Activities for After School. Note: The Mars image set that is needed to... (View More)

Keywords: Mars; Craters

Learners will compare and contrast images of Earth and Mars and then experiment with lenses to understand more about the instruments used to make the pictures. This is activity 1 of 9 in Mars and Earth: Science Learning Activities for After School.

This picture book is designed to introduce children to the Earth's atmosphere and its importance to life on Earth. It also introduces how the addition of new gases (e.g., ozone) contributes to changing the quality of air we breathe. With an... (View More)

Audience: Elementary school, Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

In this activity, students experiment to test the hypothesis that Mars was once hotter. The activity requires some advance preparation by the teacher: the day before the activity, need to place a plastic bottle filled with water in the freezer.... (View More)

In this short demo/activity, a balloon with baking soda in it is stretched over the mouth of a flask or bottle containing vinegar. The balloon is tipped so that the baking soda falls into the vinegar, and the reaction creates carbon dioxide, which... (View More)

The Gamma-ray Burst Skymap website automatically updates for each gamma-ray burst as it occurs, whether detected by Swift or other orbiting satellites. For each burst, the location on the sky, star map, constellation and detecting mission are... (View More)

Audience: Informal education

This is a storybook about the Sun. Learners will read or hear about the Sun, its relationship to Earth, and how the Sun can affect Earth.

This is a lithograph about a scientific observation by the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager, or RHESSI, spacecraft. Learners will read about a chance observation of a gamma-ray burst in 2002 that has shed new light on the... (View More)

This 2-page color fact sheet briefly describes NASA's Kepler mission, its instruments, and ground system. Also included are tables listing the instrument parameters and the major institutions involved. Kepler is a spaceborne telescope specifically... (View More)

Audience: Informal education

This lithograph shows the break-off of a large iceberg from the Pine Island Glacier in West Antarctica. This event occurred between November 4th and 12th, 2001, and provides powerful evidence of rapid changes underway in this area of Antarctica. The... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

In this activity, students solve exponential equations where the unknown is contained in the exponent. Students learn that taking base-10 or base-2 logs pulls down the exponent, allowing the unknown to be isolated and solved.  This activity is... (View More)

In this activity students convert antilogs to logs, and logs to antilogs using scientific notation as an intermediate step. They will thereby develop a look-up table for solving math problems by using logarithms. This is activity D2 in the "Far Out... (View More)

In this activity, students construct base-two slide rules that add and subtract base-2 exponents (log distances), in order to multiply and divide corresponding powers of two. Students use these slide rules to generate both log and antilog equations,... (View More)

In this activity students use log tapes and base-two slide rules as references to graph exponential functions and log functions in base-10 and base-2. Students discover that exponential and log functions are inverse, reflecting across the y = x axis... (View More)

In this activity students construct multiplying slide rules scaled in Base-10 exponents and use them to calculate products and quotients. They will come to appreciate that super numbers (exponents, orders of magnitude and logarithms) play by... (View More)

In this activity, students construct adding slide rules, scaled with linear calibrations like ordinary rulers. Students learn to move these scales relative to each other in ways that add and subtract distances, thus calculating sums and differences.... (View More)

This booklet contains information on the Swift Gamma-ray Burst Explorer mission, its scientific objectives and its detectors and other hardware. The booklet includes multiple pages of printed parts and instructions for assembling them into a paper... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: 1 cent - $1 per student

In this activity students add and subtract log distances on their Log Tapes to discover that the corresponding numbers multiply and divide. This will lead them to an experiential understanding of the laws of logarithms. This is activity B2 in the... (View More)

In this activity students use their Log Tapes as a reference for ordered pairs, and graph positive numbers as a function of their base-10 logarithms. They extend each plotted point to the vertical axis, thereby generating a logarithmic scale that... (View More)

In this activity, students use base-two slide rules, log tapes, and calculators to practice raising exponents in base notation and pulling down exponents in log notation. Students will develop an understanding that antilog notation expresses the... (View More)

In this activity students construct Log Rulers, finely calibrated in base-10 exponents and numbers (logs and antilogs). They practice reading these scales as accurately as possible, listing all certain figures plus one uncertain figure.  This is... (View More)

In this activity students construct Log Tapes calibrated in base-ten exponents, then use them to derive relationships between base-ten logs (exponents) and antilogs (ordinary numbers).  This is activity B1 in the "Far Out Math" educator's guide.... (View More)

This Hubble Space Telescope image shows the colorful aftermath of the death of a Sun-like star: a planetary nebula. The text describes how this planetary nebula may have formed. In the accompanying educational activity, In Search of ... Planetary... (View More)

Audience: High school, Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

In this activity students develop a simplified log table using information from their Log Tapes. Then they use it to solve arithmetic problems by looking up and combining logs, and finding the antilog. Because these problems are extremely simple,... (View More)

In this activity, students construct classic slide rules and use them like calculators. Students use the slide rules to read scales, determine significant figures, and estimate decimal places.  This is activity D3 in the "Far Out Math" educator's... (View More)

This is an activity about the Aurora Borealis or Northern Lights. Learners will plot the Auroral Oval in the northern hemisphere and determine the height of the northern lights using Carl Stormer's triangulation method. This activity corresponds to... (View More)

In this activity, students graph second and third order functions, discovering an inverse relationship between squares and square roots and between cubes and cube roots. Students graph these functions on both linear grid (evenly spaced numbers), and... (View More)

In this activity, the teacher sets up three simulated clouds representing three different cloud types. Students use different methods to estimate precipitation contents of each cloud type. Each method is roughly analogous to methods actually used... (View More)

These two images, taken 11 hours apart with NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, reveal two nearly opposite sides of Mars. Hubble snapped these photos in 2003 as the red planet was making its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years. In the... (View More)

Keywords: Mars
Audience: Middle school, Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This is a poster about the NASA Deep Space Network (DSN) - an international network of antennas that supports interplanetary spacecraft missions and radio and radar astronomy observations for the exploration of the solar system and the universe.... (View More)

This Spanish website is a timeline where you can view the past, present and future of Infrared Astronomy. It talks about the different infrared telescopes of the past and present and how they impacted astronomy. It also presents the infrared... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This fact card is about the significance of the pattern of microwave radiation that WMAP (Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe) has detected. The card uses the analogy of human fingerprints to show the ability to identify the right "suspect" from... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This fact card discusses the shape of space and how light is affected by the amount of dark matter and energy in the universe. MAP's microwave detection gives us enormous insight into the creation of this matter and energy. Note: this resource was... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This Spanish web site explains why we need to study objects in space at many wavelengths. It includes a general overview of what we learn in each part of the spectrum and why we need to send telescopes into space.

Audience: Informal education

This lesson originally appeared in "The Technology Teacher" and introduces common weather concepts and terminology. Students learn about weather map symbols and are invited to show real weather scenarios by drawing symbols on a map. A base map of... (View More)

This poster shows comparison images of Earth and Mars on the front, with 11 Mars activities on the back. Learners can investigate: how far away is Mars, why does Mars have craters, water on Mars, Mars' minerals, how high the mountains are on Mars,... (View More)

This article contains a series of kinesthetic activities, explaining and demonstrating why stars twinkle and what astronomers can do to minimize it. The activities can be used to demonstrate how Earth's atmosphere distorts starlight and how advanced... (View More)

Audience: Middle school, Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This lithograph shows an image of Mars on the front, with informational text on the back about how the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) has been used to study Mars weather. HST took this image on March 30, 1997, just as it was making a close pass to... (View More)