Narrow Search

Filters: Your search found 196 results.
SMD Forum - Primary:
Earth Science  
Topics/Subjects:
Mathematics  
Sort by:
Per page:

Now showing results 1-100 of 196

Introduce learners to Cubesats - much smaller (1000 cm3) satellites that are being used to gather scientific data and enhance NASA’s space exploration goals. This series of short YouTube videos provides background information, size comparisons,... (View More)

Audience: Middle school, Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The four lessons in this unit build toward a student understanding of each component of the energy budget formula - and how the contribution of each component changes due to location and time of year. In order, the four lessons consist of: deriving... (View More)

NASA uses satellite instruments to track Earth's subsystems - the atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and cryosphere - to learn how they interact and how they affect climate. This 5-minute video introduces the tools NASA uses to gather... (View More)

After reading the accompanying background information, students create an ice core using a tennis ball container and an assortment of dyes and craft supplies. Students measure the thickness and determine the age of each layer. As an extension... (View More)

Interested in becoming a citizen scientist? Join Dr. Michelle Thaller as she explains how the general public, using scientific protocols, careful observations and accurate measurements, can help NASA make exciting new discoveries. NASA eClips™ are... (View More)

The biosphere- that part of Earth's land, water and atmosphere that supports life- is the focus of this GLOBE eTraining program module. Protocols for classifying land cover, performing biometric field studies and measuring green-up and green-down... (View More)

A collection of nine atmospheric science and geography activities that guide students in developing the skills used to analyze GLOBE environmental data. GLOBE (Global Learning and Observation to Benefit the Environment) is a worldwide, hands-on,... (View More)

Acting as the ICESat-2 satellite, students investigate the reflection of light photons off Earth's surface by catching and recording a number of photons. Using bouncy balls to represent the photons, students drop, let bounce once and try to catch in... (View More)

This 12-page educational comic book introduces readers to the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission. Using the Japanese anime art style, the comic book explains the satellite technology and the mission goals and applications. Supplemental... (View More)

In this video clip, join scientists and teachers as they learn how to measure some of the abiotic conditions of winter. Find out about latent heat, how thermochrons can be used to collect data points and the importance of snow:water equivalents.... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

See how NASA is using a rolling spheres lightning protection system to expand the cone of safety currently used on Launch Complex 39. NASA eClips™ are short, relevant educational video segments. These videos inspire and engage students, helping... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

In this video clip, learn about precipitation and how clouds are formed. Find out why scientists study clouds and how students can help NASA collect cloud observation data. NASA eClips™ are short, relevant educational video segments. These videos... (View More)

Keywords: Clouds; Careers
Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

This unit consists of five activities, all of which focus on the response of plant life-cycle events to climate change. Students participate in discussions, field observations, data collection and analyses, plant identification, seed dispersal... (View More)

This unit consists of four activities. Students begin by examining temperature cycles (current, recent and historical) then add in factors such as carbon dioxide, precipitation and cloud cover to discover regional and global differences in the... (View More)

This curriculum uses an inquiry-based Earth system science approach, and leverages Project BudBurst, a citizen science phenology project, to engage students in authentic research on plant and ecosystem responses to climate change. Students collect... (View More)

In this unit, students investigate temperature cycles, tree rings, CO2 records, and the effects of CO2 on temperature, precipitation and cloud cover to determine the impacts of changing climate on forests. After gathering and analyzing local data,... (View More)

This unit focuses on local plant species; students learn to identify common species and will examine their life cycle characteristics as evidence of climate change. Through the use of the national citizen science project titled Project BudBurst,... (View More)

This unit consists of two parts, each with several activities which require students to participate in investigations, discussions, computer data analysis, role-playing, and research. In Part 1, students examine the roles of Earth's energy balance... (View More)

In this video clip, see how NASA measures soil moisture from space with the Soil Moisture Active Passive Mission (SMAP). Learn to calculate soil moisture in your own backyard and discover the real world applications for this data. NASA eClips™ are... (View More)

Keywords: Soil moisture; Careers
Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

In this video clip, viewers learn about the cryosphere - all of Earth's frozen structures including sea ice, ice caps, and permafrost. Understanding changes in the cryosphere provides scientists with valuable information about the past, present, and... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

In this video clip, viewers learn how NASA's SAGE III instrument is providing valuable information to help understand how our global Earth system is changing. Find out the difference between good ozone and bad ozone. Learn about the health problems... (View More)

Keywords: Ozone; Careers
Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

Learners will use an inexpensive, simple spectrophotometer to test how light at different visible wavelengths (blue, green, red) is transmitted, or absorbed, through four different colored water samples. Clear water is used as the “control,”... (View More)

The Global Precipitation Mission (GPM) collects rain, snow and other precipitation data worldwide every three hours. This short (4:17 minute) video introduces learners to the role of GPM and it's partner satellites in gathering precipitation data... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Students work in groups to investigate one of the following factors driving climate change: greenhouse gases, sea level rise and melting sea ice. The investigation involves conducting an experiment, connecting to real-world data and presenting a... (View More)

Emphasizing the synergies between science and engineering, these video clips highlight the research of professional ocean scientists and engineers in various disciplines. The clips are accompanied by additional relevant content including images,... (View More)

This set of three videos illustrates how math is used in satellite data analysis. NASA climate scientist Claire Parkinson explains how the Arctic and Antarctic sea ice covers are measured from satellite data and how math is used to determine trends... (View More)

Using common items - a glass soft drink bottle, a straw, clay and food coloring - students assemble and calibrate a thermometer and then use it to measure outdoor temperatures. Students record and graph the temperature data and, additionally,... (View More)

Keywords: Temperature

Using the 5E instructional model, students discover the value of using color maps to visualize data. The activity requires students to create a color map of the ozone hole from Dobson data values derived from the Aura satellite. Students then... (View More)

Through the use of the 5E instructional model, students discover the value of using color maps to visualize data. The activity requires students to create a color map of the ozone hole from Dobson data values derived from the Aura satellite.... (View More)

In this activity, participants learn about the atmosphere by making observations and taking measurements. They will go outside and use scientific equipment to collect atmospheric moisture data (temperature, relative humidity, precipitation and cloud... (View More)

In this lesson students investigate the effects of black carbon on arctic warming and are introduced to a mechanism of arctic warming that is not directly dependent on greenhouse gases in the atmosphere: black carbon deposition on Arctic snow and... (View More)

In this activity, participants learn about the geosphere by making observations and taking measurements. They will go outside and use scientific equipment to investigate water in the soil by measuring soil moisture, temperature, color and... (View More)

Students will explore how energy from the sun is absorbed, reflected and radiated back into space by Earth. By completing three short labs investigating the effects of surface color, type of material, or cloud cover on temperature change, students... (View More)

This worksheet introduces students to the Aura satellite and its Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI). Students are asked to visit the Aura website and examine OMI data visualizations to learn about emissions of atmospheric gases such as sulfur... (View More)

Keywords: Air pollution
Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free

In these math problems, students will examine the characteristics of water droplets in clouds.

Keywords: Clouds; Raindrops
Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

In this problem set, students learn about rainfall rates and how to convert them into the volume of water that falls.

Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free

In this activity, students face an engineering challenge based on real-world applications. They are tasked with developing a tool they can use to measure the amount of rain that falls each day. Students will find out why freshwater is important,... (View More)

This activity allows participants to build a paper model of the GPM Core Observatory and learn about the technology the satellite uses to measure precipitation from space. Directions explain how to cut, fold and glue the individual pieces together... (View More)

Students will be introduced to the causes, locations, and hazards of landslides, as well as the role of satellite observations in predicting and studying them. To begin, students investigate the amount of precipitation sufficient to cause a... (View More)

The total amount of water on Earth, the places in which it is found and the percentages of fresh vs. salt are examined in this lesson. A short demonstration allows students to visualize the percentage differences and a coloring exercise illustrates... (View More)

Water is essential to Earth's living system, the biosphere. In this lesson, students determine the types of living things within an outdoor study site, use a taxonomic key to determine the predominant land cover type of their site, then predict the... (View More)

In this activity, participants learn about the hydrosphere by making observations and taking measurements. They will go outside and use scientific equipment to investigate temperature, pH and transparency of a body of water. They will use this... (View More)

This activity was developed to get students thinking about the many ways that people use freshwater and how we can conserve this precious and fundamental natural resource. Students will watch a short documentary describing issues related to clean... (View More)

Students will design, build and then test a rain gauge to measure precipitation. By sharing their results, they will recognize the need for standardization and precision in scientific tools. All background information, student worksheets and... (View More)

This activity is a short engineering design challenge to be completed by individual students or small teams. A real-world problem is presented, designing buildings for hurricane-prone areas, but in a simulated way that works in a classroom, after... (View More)

In this lesson students use climatograms from different U.S. locations to observe patterns in temperature and precipitation. After describing geographical features near these locations, they will use graphs to compare and find patterns in the... (View More)

In this activity, students analyze a 2011 article by physicist Dr. Richard Muller addressing the climate change skeptic's claim that the scientific data used to support global warming is poor or unreliable. He headed a two-year study where his... (View More)

Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free per student

Students will learn about how human activity impacts Earth's climate through reading a NASA press release and viewing a NASA eClips™ video segment. Then students will examine simple mathematical models that predict changes in the Earth system in... (View More)

Keywords: Linear equations
Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

Students will learn about the Landsat spacecraft and its study of Earth from space through reading a NASA press release. By viewing a NASA eClips™ video segment, students will see how Landsat monitors conditions in the Chesapeake Bay. Then... (View More)

Keywords: Chesapeake Bay
Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

Students will learn more about how the orbit of the International Space Station changes as a result of atmospheric drag through reading a NASA press release and viewing a NASA eClips™ video segment. Then students will read a paragraph describing... (View More)

Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

Students will learn about satellites that gather data about Earth systems by reading a NASA press release and viewing a NASA eClips™ video segment. Then students will practice dividing multi-digit numbers using satellite data related to the... (View More)

Keywords: Ozone data
Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

Students will learn about living and working onboard the International Space Station through reading a NASA press release and viewing a NASA eClips™ video segment. Then students will use the volume formulas for spheres, cylinders and cones to... (View More)

Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

Students learn about changes in sea ice observed by NASA satellites through reading a NASA press release. By viewing a NASA eClips™ video segment, students discover how scientists study the effects of global climate change on Earth's biomes.... (View More)

Keywords: Graphing
Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

Students will learn about the temperature change of Earth during the 20th century and through 2010. They will read a NASA press release describing recent trends in global climate change since 1900, and view a NASA eClips™ video segment about the... (View More)

Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

The lessons in this book focus on scale and proportion as mathematical topics, using the 5E instructional cycle. Students explore lunar images, and a number of hands-on activities are also provided to allow students to create and explore... (View More)

Keywords: Lunar images; Craters
Audience: Elementary school

Designed for use in the high school classroom, this curriculum uses Earth system data, models, and resources from five NASA missions (Aqua, Aura, ICESat, Landsat, and Terra) to engage students in a systems approach to climate change. The curriculum... (View More)

Students will use NASA's Global Climate Change website to research five of the key indicators (vital signs) of Earth’s climate health. These indicators are: global surface temperature, carbon dioxide concentrations, sea level, Arctic sea ice, and... (View More)

This chapter describes how to set a scale and measure distances and areas on satellite images. Using ImageJ, a freely available image analysis program that runs on most operating systems, users set the spatial calibration of an image, then select... (View More)

In this activity, users download and graph modeled climate data to explore variability in climate change. Most people know that climate changes are predicted over the next hundred years, but they may not be aware that these changes are likely to... (View More)

Students will be guided through the process of locating and graphing web-based environmental data that has been collected by GLOBE Program participants. This chapter highlights the opportunities for using GLOBE Program data to introduce basic... (View More)

Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

Users explore data, using My World GIS, that characterize the dynamic Greenland Ice Sheet. By examining photographs, map views, and tabular data, users gain an understanding of how and why scientists are monitoring the ice sheet and what they are... (View More)

Clouds serve as a theme in a series of linked introductory explorations in math, language arts, and science. After participating in a demonstration of cloud formation, students are directed to create an acrostic poem (a poem that uses the letters in... (View More)

In this chapter, students will explore relationships between air quality and population density using the image visualization tool, Google Earth. You will learn how to download NO2 data and analyze them to develop a conceptual understanding of how... (View More)

Keywords: Google Earth
Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

This math problem determines the areas of simple and complex planar figures using measurement of mass and proportional constructs. Materials are inexpensive or easily found (poster board, scissors, ruler, sharp pencil, right angle), but also... (View More)

This collection of 103 individual sets of math problems derives from images and data generated by NASA remote sensing technology. Whether used as a challenge activity, enrichment activity and/or a formative assessment, the problems allow students to... (View More)

Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

With this lesson plan, students observe a demonstration of cloud formation that uses a 2L plastic beverage bottle and other simple ingredients to learn the three factors required for cloud formation. A test and a control experiment are conducted.... (View More)

This resource describes the physics behind the formation of clouds, and provides a demonstration of those principles using a beaker, ice, a match, hot water, and a laser pointer. This resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a... (View More)

In this lesson plan students use temperature data to look at the measures of central tendency. By using mean, median, and mode, students will gain a better understanding about weather patterns from several locales throughout Virginia.

Keywords: Mean; Median; Mode
Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

Math skills are applied throughout this investigation of windows. Starting with basic window shapes, students determine area and complete a cost analysis, then do the same for windows of unconventional shapes. Students will examine photographs taken... (View More)

Audience: Elementary school, Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

Students examine CERES radiation data to understand how the Earth's tilt causes seasonal differences in incoming solar energy, and to explore how clouds, deserts and ice modulate the reflection of energy from the Sun. The investigation is conducted... (View More)

In this problem set, learners will analyze an image of carbon dioxide emissions in the continental US in a given year to answer a series of questions. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science... (View More)

Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

In this problem set, learners will use an image of satellite-acquired ocean color data to answer a series of questions about the concentration of phytoplankton in certain areas. Answer key is provided. this is part of Earth Math: A Brief... (View More)

Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

In this problem set, learners will use a map of satellite data on Earth's surface magnetism and determine coordinates and distances for variations in magnetism. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth... (View More)

Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

In this problem set, learners will use a map of satellite data of Earth's carbon "metabolism" or Net Primary Production to answer a series of questions about carbon removal. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical... (View More)

In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of global electricity consumption to answer a series of questions and consider the production of carbon dioxide associated with that consumption. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math:... (View More)

In this problem set, learners will analyze a table on the reflectivity of various substances to three kinds of wavelengths in order to answer a series of questions. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to... (View More)

Keywords: Wavelength; Inquiry
Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

In this problem set, learners will become familiar with two measures of electricity: watts and kilowatt-Hours. They will calculate the electrical consumption of several household items, such as appliances, as well as its cost. Answer key is... (View More)

In this problem set, learners will analyze a figure of solar irradiance, derived from ACRIMSAT satellite data, and sunspot number from 1978 to 2003. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and... (View More)

This self-paced, interactive tutorial enables learners to identify and measure iceberg size from remotely-sensed satellite images. Two techniques are explored: the geometric shape method, which provides a rapid rough estimate of area; and the pixel... (View More)

In this problem set, learners will analyze a satellite image of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill on the Gulf of Mexico to answer questions about the extent, density and thickness of the oil leak. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth... (View More)

Keywords: Scale; Area; Volume; Density
Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free

In this problem set, learners will calculate the parts-per-hundred measure for different scenarios. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change.

Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

In this problem set, learners will calculate the parts-per-thousand measure for different scenarios, including ocean salinity as depicted in the image included. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth... (View More)

Keywords: Unit conversion
Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

This problem set is about scale. Using a ruler, learners will measure the distance between two points on a satellite image and determine the scale of the image and other information to answer a series of questions. Answer key is provided. This is... (View More)

In this problem set, learners will analyze a map of atmospheric carbon dioxide derived from satellite data. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change.

Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

This self-paced, interactive tutorial guides learners through the decision-making process in locating data that will enable the identification of tabular icebergs, including: selecting the appropriate satellite orbit, and identifying the optimal... (View More)

In this problem set, learners will analyze a graph of the reflectivity of soil and two kinds of vegetation to understand how scientists use these measures to identify different materials. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief... (View More)

Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

In this problem set, learners will consider the temperature in Kelvin of various places in the universe and use equations to convert measures from the three temperature scales to answer a series of questions. Answer key is provided. This is part of... (View More)

Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

In this problem set, learners will use a diagram of carbon fluxes, which shows the sources that contribute to current atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, to answer a series of questions. Answer key is provided. This problem is part of Earth Math: A... (View More)

In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of the length of day (hours) and the number of days per year on Earth in past eras. They will calculate future values, plot some of the data and identify the rate of increase. Answer key is... (View More)

Keywords: Inquiry; Table analysis
Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

This problem set is about the methods scientists use to compare the abundance of the different elements in Earth's atmosphere. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change.

In this problem set, learners will analyze a map of Earth's gravity field derived from satellite data to answer questions on gravity averages and anomalies in certain regions. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical... (View More)

Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free

In this problem set, learners will compare actual versus computer track of a solar eclipse in Babylonian times to calculate the rate at which the day is lengthening over time. Answer key is provided. This is part of "Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical... (View More)

Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of electrical consumption of appliances when not in use and consider the total consumption in kilowatt-hours (kWh), associated cost and their own consumption when appliances are in "instant-on" or... (View More)

Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

In this problem set, learners will compare before-and-after satellite images of Greece to answer questions related to biomass loss as a result of the 2007 fires. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth... (View More)

Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of annual electrical consumption by state in gigaWatt-hours (gWh) to answer a series of questions. They will also consider the carbon dioxide produced as a result of this consumption. Answer key is... (View More)

Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

In this problem set, learners will analyze a figure showing four re-entry scenarios for the Hubble Space Telescope. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change.

In this problem set, learners will refer to a satellite image to calculate the rate of carbon sequestration in the areas of bare land and forested lawn shown to answer a series of questions. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A... (View More)

In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of the axis location of the North Pole as it passes through Earth's surface to understand variations in the planet's rotation axis. Answer key is provided. This is part of "Earth Math: A Brief... (View More)

In this field activity, students observe clouds, and are introduced to dichotomous key to classify cloud types. Students also make weather observations of current weather and record and track changes in weather over time. Materials/equipment needed... (View More)

In this problem set, learners will analyze a graph of global sea level change between 1880 and 2000 to answer a series of questions, including predicting future trends. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide... (View More)

«Previous Page12 Next Page»