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**Earth and space science**

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This collection of activities is based on a weekly series of space science mathematics problems distributed during the 2012-2013 school year. They were intended for students looking for additional challenges in the math and physical science... (View More) curriculum in grades 5 through 12. The problems were created to be authentic glimpses of modern science and engineering issues, often involving actual research data. The problems were designed to be one-pagers with a Teacher’s Guide and Answer Key as a second page. (View Less)

In these math problems, students will examine the characteristics of water droplets in clouds.

In this problem set, students learn about rainfall rates and how to convert them into the volume of water that falls.

In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of global electricity consumption to answer a series of questions and consider the production of carbon dioxide associated with that consumption. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math:... (View More) A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change. (View Less)

In this problem set, learners will analyze a graph of solar irradiance since 1610. Answer key is provided. They will consider average insolation, percent changes and the link between irradiance and climate change. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief... (View More) Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change. (View Less)

In this problem set, learners will analyze two figures: a graph of Arctic sea ice extent in September between 1950 and 2006, and a graph showing poll results for 2006-2009 for percentage of adults that believe there exists scientific evidence for... (View More) global warming. They will develop linear models for both graphs. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change. (View Less)

In this problem set, learners will calculate the energy consumption of a home in kilowatt-hours (kWh) to answer a series of questions. They will also consider carbon dioxide production associated with that energy consumption. Answer key is provided.... (View More) This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change. (View Less)

In this problem set, learners will create and use a differential equation of rate-of-change of atmospheric carbon dioxide. They will refer to the "Keeling Curve" graph and information on the sources and sinks of carbon on Earth to create the... (View More) equation and apply it to answer a series of questions. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change. (View Less)

In this problem set, students calculate precisely how much carbon dioxide is in a gallon of gasoline. A student worksheet provides step-by-step instructions as students calculate the production of carbon dioxide. The investigation is supported the... (View More) textbook "Climate Change," part of "Global System Science," an interdisciplinary course for high school students that emphasizes how scientists from a wide variety of fields work together to understand significant problems of global impact. (View Less)

Students are presented with a graph of atmospheric becomes CO² values from Mauna Loa Observatory, and are asked to explore the data by creating a trend line using the linear equation, and then use the equation to predict future becomes CO² levels.... (View More) Students are asked to describe qualitatively what they have determined mathematically, and suggest reasons for the patterns they observe in the data. A clue to the reason for the data patterning can be deduced by students by following up this activity with the resource, Seasonal Vegetation Changes. The data graph and a student worksheet is included with this activity. This is an activity from Space Update, a collection of resources and activities provided to teach about Earth and space. Summary background information, data and images supporting the activity are available on the Earth Update data site. (View Less)