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Heat and thermodynamics  
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The strength of the historic 1997-1999 El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) event was captured and recorded by NASA Earth observing satellites. By downloading and plotting that satellite data, students will observe and analyze El Niño's effect on... (View More)

Keywords: Water cycle; ENSO
Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

In this data analysis activity, students explore how hurricanes extract heat energy from the ocean surface by tracking Hurricane Rita and sampling sea surface temperatures along its path. Step-by-step instructions for use of the MY NASA DATA Live... (View More)

Keywords: Authentic data use
Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

Students use a calorimeter made of common materials to demonstrate that energy can be measured and converted from one form to another. Hydrocarbons, such as paraffin, contain stored chemical energy; food contains stored chemical energy. The activity... (View More)

In this activity, students devise ways to demonstrate that energy can change from one form to another in accord with the law of conservation of energy. Small appliances, toys, marbles, vinegar and baking soda, simple electrical supplies available... (View More)

Audience: High school
Materials Cost: $1 - $5 per group of students

In this learning assessment, students demonstrate understanding of the following concepts: solids, liquids and gases, changes of state, convection, and density. Students create a skit where the actors and actresses are molecules, and dramatize,... (View More)

Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free per group of students

This lesson investigates seasonal changes in Earth's land and water temperatures by examining satellite data. Students will compare and analyze temperature changes of both water and land over a one-year period. This lesson uses student- and citizen... (View More)

Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

This lesson applies the science and math of the rotation of a sphere to water and wind movements on Earth. Students are introduced to convection, the Trade Winds and the Coriolis Force. Using an online visualizer, students generate trajectories and... (View More)

Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free

This lesson examines the effects of surface energy transfer and storage on ocean temperatures. Included are activities that introduce the use of scientific models. Students then use an energy flow computer model to track energy changes by... (View More)

Keywords: Energy flux
Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free

Oceans play a significant role in determining and moderating the effects of energy imbalances. Students will begin this lesson by working with temperature data to reinforce the importance of protocols, practice computing statistical measures of data... (View More)

In this lesson, students investigate and analyze the connection between sea surface temperatures and the flow pattern of the Gulf Stream current. Students will generate an Excel file of sea surface temperatures for the Gulf Stream region from data... (View More)

Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free